下垫面变化的气候效应公式

下垫面变化的气候效应公式

  56

Contributor(s)

Initial contribute: 2018-12-04

Authorship

Affiliation:  
岳天祥编著
Email:  
yue@lreis.ac.cn
Homepage:  
View
Is authorship not correct? Feed back

Classification(s)

Application-focused categoriesNatural-perspectiveAtmospheric regions

Model Description

Chinese {{currentDetailLanguage}} Chinese

下垫面变化的气候效应公式

 

温度和降水是两个重要的气候要素,降水与大气水汽含量又有密切的关系。在静力平衡和不可压缩的条件下,大气中的热力学方程和水汽守恒方程分别为

式中,T为空气温度;q为比湿;Qq为水汽源汇项;为大气加热率;ha为垂直方向的湍流热通量;p为水汽凝结率;L为潜热系数;ra为净辐射通量;其他为一般常用符号。

分别表示对应于两种性质不同下垫面的区域平衡温度,为该区域由于下垫面性质变化所引起的温度变化;DP为降水的变化。并假定大气中的温度随高度的变化为一线性递减关系,则:

式中,为整个大气柱的质量;t为有效作用时间;

为整个大气柱的水汽含量;Rs为地面净辐射;s为土壤热通量;B为波恩比;Ra为整个大气柱的净辐射通量。

 

参考文献

林贤超,尹思明,李克让:华北平原下垫面荒漠化和绿化对气候的影响。地理研究,1993,48(6)

 

How to Cite

《资源环境数学模型手册》 (2018). 下垫面变化的气候效应公式, Model Item, OpenGMS, https://geomodeling.njnu.edu.cn/modelItem/47bbb935-d504-4c65-b13a-a91671fa2715
Copy

History

Last modifier : 
Anxun Ren
Last modify time : 
2020-11-05
Modify times : 
View History

QR Code

Contributor

Initial contribute: 2018-12-04

Co-contributor(s)

Authorship

Affiliation:  
岳天祥编著
Email:  
yue@lreis.ac.cn
Homepage:  
View
Is authorship not correct? Feedback

History

Last modifier : 
Anxun Ren
Last modify time : 
2020-11-05
Modify times : 
View History

QR Code

×

{{curRelation.overview}}
{{curRelation.author.join('; ')}}
{{curRelation.journal}}









Related Items

You can link resource from repository to this model item, or you can create a new {{typeName.toLowerCase()}}.

Drop the file here, orclick to upload.
Select From My Space
+ add

These authorship information will be submitted to the contributor to review.

Cancel Submit
Cancel Submit
Localizations + Add
{{ item.label }} {{ item.value }}
Model Name :
Cancel Submit Cancel Submit
Name:
Version:
Model Type:
Model Domain:
Scale:
Purpose:
Principles:
Incorporated models:

Model part of

larger framework

Process:
Information:
Initialization:
Hardware Requirements:
Software Requirements:
Inputs:
Outputs:
Cancel Submit
Title Author Date Journal Volume(Issue) Pages Links Doi Operation
Cancel Submit
Add Cancel

{{articleUploading.title}}

Authors:  {{articleUploading.authors[0]}}, {{articleUploading.authors[1]}}, {{articleUploading.authors[2]}}, et al.

Journal:   {{articleUploading.journal}}

Date:   {{articleUploading.date}}

Page range:   {{articleUploading.pageRange}}

Link:   {{articleUploading.link}}

DOI:   {{articleUploading.doi}}

Yes, this is it Cancel

The article {{articleUploading.title}} has been uploaded yet.

OK
Cancel Confirm