Nearshore Community Model. NearCoM predicts waves, currents, sediment transport and bathymetric change in the nearshore ocean, between the shoreline and about 10 m water depth. The model consists of a "backbone", i.e., the master program, handling data input and output as well as internal storage, together with a suite of "modules": wave module, circulation module and sediment transport module.

flow dynamics



Initial contribute: 2021-09-15


University of Delaware
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Application-focused categoriesNatural-perspectiveLand regions
Application-focused categoriesNatural-perspectiveOcean regions

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English {{currentDetailLanguage}} English

We adapted the Nearshore Community Model (NearCoM) system and integrated a curvilinear

nearshore circulation model SHORECIRC (Shi et al. 2003) and a wave driver REF/DIF-1 (Kirby et al. 2005) into the system. NearCoM aims to predict waves, circulations, and sediment transport in the nearshore ocean. SHORECIRC numerically solves the depth-integrated 2-dimensional horizontal equations and incorporates a semi-analytical solution for the vertical current profile (Svendsen et al. 2000). REF/DIF-1 accounts for shoaling, refraction, energy dissipation, and diffraction as waves propagate over variable bathymetry and determines shortwave forcing to drive currents in SHORECIRC. Our enhancements to the system include estimating seagrass effects on drag and turbulence, calculating the vector sum of wave and current bottom stresses, and adding a fine sediment transport module.

For the model presented here, we adopted and modified the vegetation form drag expression of Nepf (1999), which was developed based on laboratory experiments with steady flows through rigid seagrass mimics. The primary reason for using this expression is that it explicitly accounts for the effects of seagrass shoot density over a realistic range of densities. The dominant seagrass species in the field studies to which we compare our model predictions was Ruppia maritima (leaf width ,1.5 mm), with a fractional volume (ad) that fluctuated seasonally between about 0.0014 and 0.003. This range of ad is within the density- independent regime of Nepf (1999), but it is three orders of magnitude smaller than the values reported in Kobayashi et al. (1993) and Mendez et al. (1999) for their laboratory studies of seagrass wave drag. We apply the Nepf (1999) approach because we prefer to use steady flow drag data in comparable seagrass densities rather than wave drag data from a much higher seagrass density, and because we use the same basic drag formulation for both steady flow and wave forcing in our model.

Quoted from: A Nearshore Model to Investigate the Effects of Seagrass Bed Geometry on Wave Attenuation and Suspended Sediment Transport



James Kirby, Fengyan Shi (2021). NearCoM, Model Item, OpenGMS,


Initial contribute : 2021-09-15



University of Delaware
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Yihan Zhang
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