海洋和大气的能量交换分析公式

海洋和大气的能量交换分析公式

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Initial contribute: 2018-12-04

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Affiliation:  
岳天祥编著
Email:  
yue@lreis.ac.cn
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Application-focused categoriesNatural-perspectiveOcean regions
Application-focused categoriesNatural-perspectiveAtmospheric regions

Model Description

Chinese {{currentDetailLanguage}} Chinese

海洋和大气的能量交换分析公式

 

(1)洋面短波吸收辐射方程:

式中,QS洋面短波吸收辐射;QS为到达洋面的短波辐射能(总辐射)F为洋面反照率。

(2) 洋面的长波有效辐射方程:

式中,为洋面长波有效辐射;b为一系数,它随值的变化而变化,可由海洋学常用表查得为晴天时的有效辐射,它是洋面辐射和大气逆辐射之差。

(3)洋面辐射平衡方程:

式中,Qr为洋面辐射平衡。

(4)洋面与大气的显热交换方程:

式中,TwTz分别为水面和z高度上的温度;uzz高度上的风速;,其中z0为粗糙参数,k为空气分子热交换系数,k0为水面湍流交换系数,r为空气的密度,cp为空气的定压比热,a=30

(5)用作蒸发的潜热交换方程:

式中,Lt为水汽蒸发潜热;E为蒸发深度;Qe为用作蒸发的潜热交换。

(6)洋面与大气的总能量交换公式:

式中,Qa为洋面与大气的总能量交换。

 

参考文献

李克让:太平洋上TVN天气船站海洋和大气的能量交换及其决定因子。地理学报,1963,29(4)

 

How to Cite

《资源环境数学模型手册》 (2018). 海洋和大气的能量交换分析公式, Model Item, OpenGMS, https://geomodeling.njnu.edu.cn/modelItem/b64da6cb-3fa5-458a-af68-73556872a810
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Last modifier : 
Anxun Ren
Last modify time : 
2020-10-28
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Contributor

Initial contribute: 2018-12-04

Co-contributor(s)

Authorship

Affiliation:  
岳天祥编著
Email:  
yue@lreis.ac.cn
Homepage:  
View
Is authorship not correct? Feedback

History

Last modifier : 
Anxun Ren
Last modify time : 
2020-10-28
Modify times : 
View History

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