ta_slope_stability_3-WETNESS

WETNESS

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contributed at 2018-11-06

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Geography SubjectGIScience & Remote SensingTerrain Analysis

Detailed Description

This tool calculates a topographic wetness index (TWI) following Montgomery & Dietrich (1994) that can be used to estimate the degree of saturation of unconsolidated, permeable materials above (more or less) impermeable bedrock. In contrast to the common TOPMODEL (Beven & Kirkby, 1979) - based TWI, this index differs in such that it considers hydraulic conductivity to be constant in a soil mantle overlying relatively impermeable bedrock. Also, it uses the sine of the slope rather than its tangens, which is more correct and significantly matters for steeper slopes that give raise to landslides. For computation, a slope (in radians) and a catchment area (in m2) grid are required. Additionally, information on groundwater recharge (m/hr), material hydraulic conductivity (m/hr), and depth to potential shear plane (m) are required that can be specified either globally or through grids. The tool produces a continuous wetness index (-) where cells with WI values > 1 (overland flow) set to 1, and optionally creates a classified WI grid rendering three saturation classes:.0): Low moisture (WI smaller 0.1)1): Partially wet (0.1 smaller WI smaller 1)2): Saturation zone (WI larger 1)References:Beven, K.J., Kirkby, M.J. (1979) A physically-based variable contributing area model of basin hydrology. Hydrology Science Bulletin, 24, 43-69..Montgomery D. R., Dietrich, W. E. (1994) A physically based model for the topographic control on shallow landsliding. Water Resources Research, 30, 1153-1171..

How to cite

SAGA (2018). ta_slope_stability_3-WETNESS, Model Item, OpenGMS, https://geomodeling.njnu.edu.cn/modelItem/bd656431-718f-4c28-9c29-06996d52a7a1
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contributed at 2018-11-06

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