CSM1 (Climate System Model version one)

The National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Climate System Model, version one (CSM-1), is a step toward the development of a comprehensive model of the climate system that is to include chemical and biogeochemical processes in the near future.

Climate Systemcomprehensive modelchemicalbiogeochemical

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National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)
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Quoted fromBoville, Byron A., and Peter R. Gent. "The NCAR climate system model, version one." Journal of Climate 11, no. 6 (1998): 1115-1130.  https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(1998)011%3C1115:TNCSMV%3E2.0.CO;2 

Coupled atmosphere and ocean general circulation models (GCMs) are now becoming commonly used for studies of the natural variability of the climate system and its response to changes in forcing. The National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Climate System Model, version one (CSM-1), is a step toward the development of a comprehensive model of the climate system that is to include chemical and biogeochemical processes in the near future. The initial version is a physical climate model similar to other coupled GCMs. It contains atmospheric and oceanic GCMs, a land surface biophysics and basic soil hydrology model, and a sea-ice dynamics and thermodynamics model. These component models communicate through a driver program called the flux coupler, which controls the time coordination of the integration and calculates most of the fluxes at the interfaces between the model components. No flux corrections in momentum, heat, or freshwater are applied. The modeling system is made freely available to the general scientific community through the World Wide Web (see http://www.cgd.ucar.edu/csm).

The formulation of CSM-1 is summarized in section 2. The spinup procedure prior to fully coupling the CSM is described in section 3Section 4 contains a brief description of the 300-yr fully coupled integration. Both the successes and deficiencies are briefly described. Section 5 contains the discussion and conclusions. A critique of the spinup procedure is given, and the reasons for the successful integration with no flux corrections and no trend in the surface temperatures are elucidated.

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CSM team (2021). CSM1 (Climate System Model version one), Model Item, OpenGMS, https://geomodeling.njnu.edu.cn/modelItem/f850e3fb-c8ce-4160-af25-7266a13951dd
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Initial contribute : 2021-02-25

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National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)
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Yue Songshan
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