HadGEM2-ES is a coupled earth system model, the first Met Office Hadley central model that includes earth system components as a standard. It is a unified atmospheric model developed and used by the Meteorological Administration for seamless applications ranging from short-range numerical weather forecasting to seasonal, inter-decadal, and centennial climate predictions. It is used by many agencies around the world for operational weather forecasting and climate research. The HadGEM2-ES climate model includes atmospheric GCM with horizontal and vertical resolutions of N96 and L38. The atmospheric model operates with N96 horizontal resolution (latitude 1.25°×1.875° longitude), with 38 vertical horizontal (L38) and 30-minute time steps long. The ocean model operates at 1° latitude × 1° longitude (increasing the resolution near the equator), 40 vertical levels and a resolution of 1 hour time step. The components of the Earth system included are the terrestrial and marine carbon cycles and tropospheric chemistry. The global vegetation model of earth vegetation and carbon dynamics, represented by TRIFFID, simulates the coverage and carbon balance of 5 planted cover types (broadleaf trees, conifers, C3 grass, C4 grass and shrubs).

coupled earth system modelearth system components


contributed at 2020-06-29


Authorship is unclear, you can claim the item.


Application-focused categoriesIntegrated-perspectiveGlobal scale

Model Description

English {{currentDetailLanguage}} English

The scientific understanding of the Earth’s climate system, including the central question of how the climate system is likely to respond to human-induced perturbations, is comprehensively captured in GCMs and Earth System Models (ESM). Diagnosing the simulated climate response, and comparing responses across different models, is crucially dependent on transparent assumptions of how the GCM/ESM has been driven – especially because the implementation can involve subjective decisions and may differ between modelling groups performing the same experiment. This paper outlines the climate forcings and setup of the Met Office Hadley Centre ESM, HadGEM2-ES for the CMIP5 set of centennial experiments. We document the prescribed greenhouse gas concentrations, aerosol precursors, stratospheric and tropospheric ozone assumptions, as well as implementation of land-use change and natural forcings for the HadGEM2-ES historical and future experiments following the Representative Concentration Pathways. In addition, we provide details of how HadGEM2-ES ensemble members were initialised from the control run and how the palaeoclimate and AMIP experiments, as well as the “emissiondriven” RCP experiments were performed.

Model Metadata

Name {{metadata.overview.name}}
Version {{metadata.overview.version}}
Model Type {{metadata.overview.modelType}}
Model Domain
Sacle {{metadata.overview.scale}}

There is no overview about this model. You can click to add overview.

Purpose {{metadata.design.purpose}}
Incorporated Models
Model part of larger framework: {{metadata.design.framework}}
Incorporated Models

There is no design info about this model. You can click to add overview.

Information {{metadata.usage.information}}
Initialization {{metadata.usage.initialization}}
Hardware Requirements {{metadata.usage.hardware}}
Software Requirements {{metadata.usage.software}}

There is no usage info about this model. You can click to add overview.

How to Cite

Jian Liu (2020). HadGEM2-ES, Model Item, OpenGMS, https://geomodeling.njnu.edu.cn/modelItem/7d8460a3-3db2-4cd1-ba91-65590a8233c5

QR Code


Initial contribute: 2020-06-29


Authorship is unclear, you can claim the item.

QR Code


{{curRelation.author.join('; ')}}

You can link related {{typeName}} from repository to this model item, or you can create a new {{typeName.toLowerCase()}}.

Related Items
Related Items

You can link resource from repository to this model item, or you can create a new {{typeName.toLowerCase()}}.

Drop the file here, orclick to upload.
Select From My Space
+ add

These authorship information will be submitted to the contributor to review.

Cancel Submit
Model Classifications
Cancel Submit
Localizations + Add
{{ item.label }} {{ item.value }}
Model Name :
Cancel Submit
Model Type:
Model Domain:
Incorporated models:

Model part of

larger framework

Hardware Requirements:
Software Requirements:
Cancel Submit
Title Author Date Journal Volume(Issue) Pages Links Doi Operation
Cancel Submit
Add Cancel


Authors:  {{articleUploading.authors[0]}}, {{articleUploading.authors[1]}}, {{articleUploading.authors[2]}}, et al.

Journal:   {{articleUploading.journal}}

Date:   {{articleUploading.date}}

Page range:   {{articleUploading.pageRange}}

Link:   {{articleUploading.link}}

DOI:   {{articleUploading.doi}}

Yes, this is it Cancel

The article {{articleUploading.title}} has been uploaded yet.

Cancel Confirm