COSPAR International Reference Atmosphere (Thermosphere)

The COSPAR International Reference Atmosphere (CIRA) provides empirical models of atmospheric temperature and densities (see above for more information). Above 120 km, in the thermosphere, CIRA-86 is identical with the MSIS-86 model. In addition to the empirical model, CIRA-86 includes the theoretical thermosphere model of D. Rees and his colleagues at University College, London. Results from 50 global simulations with this model have been stored in computer-readable form and can be reconstructed on VAX or PC computers.

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Application-focused categoriesNatural-perspectiveSpace-earth regions

Detailed Description

English {{currentDetailLanguage}} English
 
Parameter: Neutral temperature and densities in the thermosphere
Availability:
(1)Retrievable from CCMC's anonymous FTP site;
(2) MSIS-E-90 can be run online from ModelWeb;
(3) Data base of theoretical profiles on diskette is available from D. Rees.
 
Brief Description:

The COSPAR International Reference Atmosphere (CIRA) provides empirical models of atmospheric temperature and densities (see above for more information). Above 120 km, in the thermosphere, CIRA-86 is identical with the MSIS-86 model. In addition to the empirical model, CIRA-86 includes the theoretical thermosphere model of D. Rees and his colleagues at University College, London. Results from 50 global simulations with this model have been stored in computer-readable form and can be reconstructed on VAX or PC computers.

References:
CIRA 1986, Part I: Thermosphere Model, D. Rees (ed.), Adv. Space Res. 8, #5-#6, 1988.
S. Batten, T. J. Fuller-Rowell, and D. Rees, A Numerical Data Base for VAX and Personal Computers for Storage, Reconstruction, and Display of Global Thermospheric and Ionospheric Models, Planet. Space Sci. 35, 1167, 1987.

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CIRA Working Group (2019). COSPAR International Reference Atmosphere (Thermosphere), Model Item, OpenGMS, https://geomodeling.njnu.edu.cn/modelItem/90ff4bd6-2376-4067-bffb-4e1a5cf56725
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Initial contribute : 2019-07-02

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